The impact of biodiversity in our health

Understanding the concepts of One Health and Eco Health

September is synonym of back-to-school time, so let’s refresh some #BCOMING key concepts!
The impact of biodiversity in our health

If you have been paying attention to our latest posts (and we hope you have), the terms #OneHealth and #EcoHealth might sound somewhat familiar to you. Even if you get the general idea, you maybe still wonder what exactly they refer to, or how they are different from each other. No worries, we got you covered.

 

First things first, what exactly are One Health and Eco Health?  

They are unifying approaches (they involve different disciplines) to the integration of human, animal and environmental health. 

 

Alright, what is the difference between these concepts, then? 

We thought you’d never ask! In short, we can say that Eco Health can be understood as a One Health approach with a stronger focus on interdisciplinarity and active participation. However, there are some other interesting differences as well: 

  • One Health is more medicine-oriented, focusing on areas like translational or comparative medicine, which helps us learn about diseases in humans, studying those same diseases in animals. 

  • Eco Health is a more pragmatic approach which focuses on #biodiversity and development. For instance, did you know that deforestation might be one of the main sources of mercury contamination in certain regions of Brazil? This can lead to the contamination of nearby bodies of water which, in time, can lead to mercury poisoning for the local villages' inhabitants.  

Ok, we get it now! But are they really so important? 

As we just discussed, environmental, animal, and human health are all interconnected. Taking care of animal and environmental health is taking care of our own health. You don’t agree? Just think about the COVID-19 situation a few years ago! This all originated because of an infection that was transmitted from an animal to a human.  

Imagine how different the last years would have been if this disease had first been detected in the animals before spreading to humans. This would have permitted us to control the situation at an earlier stage, saving time, resources, money, and most importantly, lives. 

There are over 1 million #InfectiousDiseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans and vice versa. Covid-19 was just one of them. We know it’s a scary number, and this is why concepts like One Health and Eco Health, and projects like BCOMING, which focus on actively tackling these issues, are so important. 

 

Did you find this interesting? You can learn more about these concepts in these links!  

An overview of One Health, Eco Health and Planetary Health - YouTube 

One Health and EcoHealth: the same wine in different bottles? - PMC (nih.gov) 

Posted on
Infographics

Read more blog post

En savoir plus

Metabarcoding de l'ADN environnemental et des méthodes traditionnelles d'inventaire

Les mammifères, composants vitaux des écosystèmes terrestres, font face à des déclins drastiques en raison des changements anthropogènes dans les paysages. Avec de nombreuses espèces isolées dans des zones protégées et confrontées à un statut de conservation extrême, il est de plus en plus nécessaire de disposer de méthodes rapides, rentables et non-invasives pour surveiller leurs populations. Au sein de BCOMING, il est important que nous utilisions les techniques les plus précises pour établir l'évaluation de la biodiversité, car elle est une composante essentielle de nos recherches sur la circulation des agents pathogènes. Notre équipe de l'Université de Liège en Belgique, composée de la Dr Pauline van Leeuwen et du Prof. Johan Michaux, s’est plongée dans la littérature scientifique à la recherche de méthodes non-invasives pour détecter les espèces de mammifères sur le terrain. Ils ont publié le premier article scientifique soutenu par le consortium BCOMING. Cette étude compare les méthodes d'inventaire conventionnelles et la technique émergente de metabarcoding de l'ADN environnemental (eADN) pour l'évaluation de la biodiversité des mammifères.

En savoir plus

Démêler la tapisserie de la biodiversité cambodgienne

Au cœur de l'Asie du Sud-Est se trouve le Cambodge, un pays regorgeant de biodiversité qui a depuis longtemps captivé l'imagination des biologistes. Nichée au sein de cette riche tapisserie d'écosystèmes, une équipe de recherche de l'Université de Liège s’est lancé dans un voyage passionnant pour dévoiler les mystères du microbiome de la faune cambodgienne à l'interface homme-animal. Notre équipe à l'Université de Liège en Belgique, composée de la Dr Pauline van Leeuwen et du Prof. Johan Michaux, est à la tête de la composante microbiome du projet BCOMING. Nous visons à améliorer notre connaissance de l'influence de la biodiversité sur la structure des microbiomes et les risques zoonotiques.
En savoir plus